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Posted on Wednesday August 26th, 2020

In recent times, prices are hiking day by day and it’s impossible to make any big purchase without a loan. However, getting a loan these days has become much easier and turns out to be useful in the right circumstances. Before you approach any lending institution for loan, it’s advisable to know about the basics of borrowing so that you don’t regret your decision later. An EMI is a key factor of any loan, so we are going to tell you all about the EMI and its calculation. The term EMI means for equated monthly installment which is a fixed amount of money, you need to pay your lender as a repayment towards your loan until your loan is fully repaid.

An EMI is nothing but a loan feature that allows you to borrow money for emergency use while letting you to repay it in installments over an extended period of time. It is paid to the lender on a fixed date every month by setting up auto debit system or via cheque through your bank. There are two main components of EMI, the principal amount and the interest component on it. In initial years of loan after you Apply For Loan huge portion of monthly installment consists of interest but as the loan matures, the outstanding loan quantum reduces gradually and the interest part becomes lower than the principal amount. The EMI amount also gets changed in the following cases:

Prepayment of Loan: If someone prepays the loan money during the tenure of loan, EMI will change accordingly. The prepayment cuts down on principal amount, therefore interest will be charged on new principal amount now. You can also ask the lender to change the tenure instead of EMI which leads you to repay the loan money quickly.

Progressive EMIs: Some of the lending institutions also offer the option of repaying the quantum through progressive EMIs. In this case, you initially pay a limited amount for specific time and after completion of this period, you start paying larger installments. It is generally preferred by the individuals who just started their career and cannot afford large EMIs initially but hope to pay it as they grow in their work place.

There is a particular mathematical formula to calculate an EMI which is given below:
P x r x (1+r) ^n/ ((1+r) ^n-1), where P stand for principal amount, r stands for rate of interest and n stands for duration of loan in terms of month. Nowadays, banks and non- banking financial institutions are offering use of free online calculators on their official websites when you Apply For Loan Online. These calculators can help you to know how much installment you need to pay each month so that you can plan your budget accordingly. It should be a prior thing in your checklist while securing a loan to calculate EMI beforehand to stay out of debt forever. Hence, you know all about EMI now, go ahead and choose the loan that suits your needs.