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Posted on Monday July 6th, 2020

Have you ever thought what protects the rights of borrower and lender when a loan is sanctioned or what kind of issues they might face after lending or borrowing money without a contract? The loan agreement is a contract that binds people into some kind of restrictions and regulations to formalize a loan process. It is necessary before lending as well as borrowing money. There are so many types of loan agreements depending upon the type of loan by following the state and federal laws. In this article, ShubhBank gives you a complete guide to loan agreement and its working.

The agreement contains all the details regarding how much quantum has been loaned and the time by which the borrower have to pay back the secured money. Once the papers are signed, the borrower is obliged to pay the borrowed amount to the lender. It also prevents illegal or excessive repayment of interest rate, thus safeguarding the borrower’s right when they Apply For Loan. It mutually benefits both the lender and borrower as it assures the lender with guaranteed payback as well as assures the borrower with no hidden charges levied on the loan money. The agreement allows people to take legal action and save you in case of any discrepancy. It is always advisable to draft an agreement to stay at safe side while lending or borrowing the money. There are various sections penned in agreement and enlist as following:

BASIC INFORMATION: Each loan agreement has a section that enlists the details of borrower and lender. The details are listed about the person’s full address, salaried or self-employed, its designation and the numbers of lenders and borrowers with a specified guarantor details in a separate section. At last, a section is included that specifies date and location of signing the loan agreement documents.

LOAN DETAILS: After listing the details of people involved in loan process, one must outline the specific details about transaction and payment information, the interest rate levied on the loan amount etc. In payment section, the details about EMI frequency are listed and also include the acceptable payment mode such as cash, net banking, credit card payment etc. In interest section, information regarding the type of interest rate is listed whether it’s fixed or variable and the date from which the interest will accrue.

DEALING WITH A VIOLATION: If a lender has sanctioned the loan by taking collateral as a security against any Loans In India then make sure to mention the terms related to collateral in the loan agreement. Generally, secured loans have such section in the loan agreements mentioning details of the security agreement where for unsecured loans; one can omit this section from their documents. There is an additional provision in agreement which prevents the violation of the agreed norms. It can help the lender to recover the borrowed amount through legal action or by taking possession of assets in case the borrower defaults on loan payments.